March ~ June, 1859

Lot Abraham’s Journal for the year of our Lord 1859 presented to him by his friend A. H. Jackman, March the 9th 1859

First Page of Lot Abraham's 1859 Diary

First Page of Lot Abraham’s 1859 Diary

I shall now commence where I left off in my old journal.

Thursday, March the 24th 1859

Weather cloudy & windy & very cold. We didn’t get up until a little after the usual time. Then we loaded up some 10 bushels of grain & John started to Beery Mill. The roads is very bad — mud something like sticky tar & about knee deep or something worse than that. Dan [McCue] & I stayed by the fire. I wrote a very fine letter for him to send to his darling in Indiana. Then I studied a little. Dan wrote another letter to Indiana. I am just fooling my time away. I feel about half sick & don’t feel like work. I have had the very worst kind of cough for just two weeks. So much for staying at the Sugar camp &c. I believe it would be best for me to stay in the house of nights & of such cussed windy disagreeable days as today is. I then wrote some of John’s part that he couldn’t read so he could read it. Then Jim Holland come & him & I went to Cornwell’s & come up with Jennie Andrews & Jennie Cornwell to the School House & we practiced our Exhibition plays for the first time & made a very poor [show] out of it. Cold & windy & started to snow a little. I got home at 1 o’clock. Lot Abraham.

Friday, March the 25th 1859

Weather windy & cloudy & cold. We hauled some wood & then went to Hartman’s & bought $2.40 worth of corn. Then I settled up with him for the last two years & he came out $71 & 50¢ in our debt. Then we took the team & went to Bebb’s Mill & hauled up 145 feet of lumber. Left enough at Hartman’s to make us a harrow. Dan & the girls has been to Dickey’s. Dan & I started to Dick’s about sundown & met him just this side of the creek & we all come back here. I went to bed about 9. It cleared off this afternoon & look[ed] pleasant.

Saturday the 26th

Lot wrote the following advertisement for the Exhibition: "At Liberty School House, Thursday Eve April 7th. The exercises will consider of three plays. Admission ten cents. The money taken in to be donated to the Library. Tickets must be obtained at Squire Wilson's near the School House. Get your tickets as soon as possible.

Lot wrote the following advertisement for the Exhibition: “At Liberty School House, Thursday Eve April 7th. The exercises will consider of three plays. Admission ten cents. The money taken in to be donated to the Library. Tickets must be obtained at Squire Wilson’s near the School House. Get your tickets as soon as possible.”

Froze a little last night. South wind & looks kind a dull today. Dan went home with Dick. John hauled some wood, then hauled rails. I tore up the old harrow & got the teeth out of it, then went down to Hartman’s. He is making us a harrow. I stayed there awhile & took his note for balance due. I come home and got dinner & wrote some here. Then I took the harrow teeth & went down to Acken’s Blacksmith Shop & got them sharpened. I was there till about dark. Then all the parties met at the School House & tried to practice again. I got home about midnight. Weather warm & pleasant. Kind a dull.

Sunday the 27th

Is rather cloudy. I got up early & fed the horses. Then I went up to Wilson’s before breakfast. Joe Fisher was there. We went up to the School House & stayed there & talked till 10 o’clock. Joe went to town. I came home and finished writing off John’s part. Then took this & wrote from yesterday noon. Then I went in the little room & studied till about 3 o’clock. Then got my dinner & went down by the granary & studied till night. The rest went to singing at 3. Today has been cloudy & chilly. It commenced raining. I stayed at home tonight.

Monday, March the 28th 1859

Weather quite unfavorable. Commenced raining last night just after dark & rained all night like blazes & is cracking down this morning about as hard as it can & is cold as ___. We are all shivering around the fire like it was the last chance. We sat around the house till about 2 o’clock. Then Dan McCue started home. I went up as far as Billy Shield’s with him. I stopped there awhile. Dick’s folks all come over yesterday in the wagon. They started home while I was gone. Susan went home with them. It has nearly ceased to rain & is getting cold enough to freeze hell over. The wind is blowing hard. I learned just before dark that Dick couldn’t cross the creek & they come back to Collin Forbes’. It commenced snowing just before dark. We stayed at home tonight & studied some. It’s an awful night.

Tuesday, March the 29th

It cleared off last night & froze hard & is cold & pleasant today. John went to the Sugar camp. The creek is as high as it generally gets. John didn’t make much by going to the camp — poor sugar day. I tinkered around here. Mowed brush most of the time. I moved that corn out of the crib in a granary — about 25 bushels is all that we have & one stack of hay & a little Hungarian grass is all the feed that we have to go on & no hopes of anymore soon nor of any grass growing for feed. I got on Henry & went over to Tightbark to the debate. We debated the Cuba Question. I got home about midnight. Had a muddy ride. Lot Abraham

Wednesday, March the 30th 1859

Ground froze hard. Clear & thawing. I didn’t get up very early this morning. I feel like I would rather lay in bed all day. I mowed brush today part of the time & burned some too. Darned lazy to do much. Mr. McLaughlin & Cornelius F. Spearman came here this evening. We went up to the School House & practiced till 12 o’clock tonight. It clouded up about 3 o’clock today & is raining a little tonight.

Thursday, March the last day.

It cleared off in the night & is frosty. I tinkered around till about 10. Then I went to town a foot. I paid the taxes. They was only $48.40. I fooled around till night, then went to an Exhibition at the New School House. Then I went to Fisher’s & stayed all night.

Friday, April the First 1859

Joe & I got up about half past 7 this morning. I started home from town about 10. I reached here about 12, then after dinner I took the team & hauled poles till night. John fooled around all day & done nothing. It clouded up this evening & looks like rain.

Saturday the Second

We got up about 7 & behold it is raining & has been all night & looks kind a Billious. I have been sitting by the fire for an hour. I am afraid to get out. I went & fed about 9 o’clock & fooled around awhile. Then about 11, I went to Bebb’s Mill & J. A. & I measured what lumber of ours there is there — 1280 feet. Then I come home & went to the Library Meeting at 5. Then I took the horses & brought Jennie Cornwell up to the School House to practice. Got home at 10 o’clock.

Sunday, April the third, 1859

Portion of Lot's Entry for 3 April 1859

Portion of Lot’s Entry for 3 April 1859

Weather cold as the coldest. Cleared off in the night & the ground is froze hard this morning & a cold N. W. Wind. I got up about six this morning. Fooled around till about 11, then we all went to the School House to hear an Old Dutchman preach. Then I come home. Jim Holland & I wrote some advertisements for the Exhibition & at 3 o’clock we went back to the School House & heard Mr. Combs preach. Then home again. J. S. Fisher came home with me. There is meeting tonight again. Joe & I thought it would be prudent to stay by the fire & we did so till about 9. Then we turned in.

[Inserted]

There I am at Mr. Abraham’s this Sunday Eve, April 3d. Came down yesterday evening and met with the Library Association. Upwards of sixty volumes were brought in by the citizens & given in charge of the Librarian Mr. G. M. Wilson. After the business of this meeting was through, we proceeded to the house of the squire to practice the pieces for the Exhibition. As there was a decided wish manifested by a greater part of the company to rehearse at the School House, we accordingly turned again to that place, whereupon entering that domicile we beheld with astonishment & wonder ensconced around the stove three human forms. Grim & ghastly they looked by the flickering light of the stove of which faintly glimmering upon the walls of the apartment seemed to impart a strange awe & together with our ghostly imaginations seemed to inspire everyone with the solemnity the occasion together with the circumstances called forth. This terrible silence was at last broken by the three grim specters rising and advancing towards the door. One by one they passed the threshold & the rattling chains of the last one that made his exit could be heard fainter & fainter until the sound died away in the distance. then, and not till then, we drew a long breath & commenced practicing, not forgetting however to bolt the door against any further visits of our ghostly friends. Towards the closing of our evening’s exercises, the attention of the whole company was suddenly turned towards one of the northern windows where displays in all its fascinating attractions we beheld the elongated “Phiz” of the Lone Hunter of the Neck.

Monday the 4th

Cold & the ground froze hard enough to bear up a team. We didn’t turn out this morning till about 8, then sat by the fire till ten. I hitched up & hauled 3 loads of wood. After dinner, we loaded up the lumber & went up to the School House & worked at the stage till about 4. Then we had a short discussion on the following Question: Resolved, that Perry Brazelton has been a greater nuisance to Henry County than rotgut whiskey. We came home & got supper, then went back to the School House to the regular debate & they adjourned till the first Monday evening in _________ & they done some of the library business. Then we come home. ‘Tis cloudy.

Tuesday the 5th

Cleared off last night & froze hard & is cold as ty. We sat by the fire awhile, then I started to town. John & I went to the creek & carried up 2 big loads of cedar branches & went to work on the School House. We put up the curtains & practiced tonight & done tolerable well. Cold & cloudy.

Wednesday, April the 6th 1859

Cold as ever. We got up early & John went to Lowell to Mill with a load of wheat. Joe & I went up to the School House & put up cedar all around the top of the curtains. We fooled around there till noon, then come & got dinner. G. Chandler was here. We concluded to perform our favorite play called Paddy Miles again. Joe got on a horse & went up to see if Dillie Miller was willing & all the other characters. Found them all as willing as ourselves. We then proceeded to look it over again. I found that I had not forgot any of my part. John got home about 5 o’clock without any grinding. ‘Tis kind a cloudy. We studied tonight till 9 o’clock, then went to bed. Joe stayed at Wilson’s.

Thursday the 7th

Clear, frosty & cold. We got up early this morning & fixed up & started to town with the wagon. I stopped for Joe & found him sound asleep. Made him get up. He hauled on his duds & went along with us to town. I took Doctor Orr some flour. Got some potatoes for seed. Paid $1.40 per bushel for them. 1 bushel & ¼. I got some fence nails & some other things too tedious to mention. A letter from [cousin] Van Greenwood [and a letter from] Bill Lynch. We started from town about 10½ o’clock & drove like thunder. Reached home just before noon, put up the horses, & commenced fixing up. We then prepared ourselves for the grand occasion & proceeded to the School House for to finish decorating & trimming up the stage, which we done in the best of order & to the best of our knowledge & when done it looked splendid — more like a magnificent parlor than a little exhibition stage. We then practiced the piece called Romance & Reality & Paddy Miles. By that that time it was too late to practice anymore. I come down home & fed the horses. By the time I got back, they had begin to gather in fast. We commenced at 7. Had a few single speeches, then commenced on Romance & Reality. Names of actors in this play: Lot Abraham, James Stewart, Catherine Abraham, Jim Holland, Jennie Andrews, Noah Johnson, Elijah Roberts, John Abraham, Jennie Cornwell, Mag Abraham, [and] John Heeter. We got through that in two hours & ½, then followed the play called Popping the Question acted by Lot Abraham, George Chandler, Mary Jenkins, Jennie Andrews, Mag Abraham, Jennie Cornwell & went off better than we ourselves expected & was followed by the short & comical piece Our Gal acted by 7 of the above-named persons. I had no part in that one. It was followed by the ever mirthful play called Paddy Miles by Joe L. Fisher, Lot Abraham, George Chandler, Al Forbes, John Heater, Mag Jenkins, & Tillie Miller & was well performed. Good music by B. Jenkins & M. Farrell on their violins at intervals & all went off just right. We got through about 11 o’clock. We left things just as they happened to be. I got back from Miller’s about 12½. Saterses boys was here. ‘Twas near 2 o’clock when we turned in.

Friday, April the 8th 1859

A small drift of snow on the ground & the sun shone out bright for a short time & the snow disappeared. We didn’t wake from slumber till the world had been hung up before the sun & nearly dried off. We we did make our appearance, we took our places by the fire & kept them well occupied till about 9 o’clock. Then John & I hitched up the team & we all went up to the School House in the wagon & went to work. Saterses boys went home. We took down our stage & cedar & everything that had been put up for the occasion, loaded up the wagon, & John come home & hauled rails from the Cross fence in the upper field out to the pasture fence. We went to work on the School House to clean out & wash it up for another occasion that the majority of the people of this vicinity seems to think is of more importance than ours was. We carried water & worked there till about 1 o’clock, then come home. ‘Twas then I rolled up my Exhibition papers & swore vengeance. After dinner I took the team and hauled rails. John went down to the sugar camp to see how things was going on them & found then in a condition that didn’t look very prosperous. It clouded up about noon & is cold, chilly, & disagreeable. I worked on till dark, then put up my horses & fed. Then I stationed myself by the fire & wrote till about 9 o’clock & turned in. The rest went to the School House to meeting. They was expecting [Rev. Elias W.] Shortridge & was disappointed.

Saturday, April the 9th 1859

It froze a little & cloudy. John started to Lowell early. I tinkered around fixing up the board fences till 10, then I made up a fire in the chip yard & heat the harrow teeth & burned them in. John got home at 2 o’clock with his grinding. We then went to the sugar camp & hauled in the troughs, put them in shanty, & brought home the boilers & fixings. Dick brought Susan home this evening. They went to meeting tonight & again was disappointed. I sat by the fire & wrote some & read till about 10.

Sunday, April the 10th 1859

Thomas Mayne Reid (1818-1883) was the author of The Bush Boys: History and Adventures of a Cape Farmer and His Family (1856)

Thomas Mayne Reid (1818-1883) was the author of The Bush Boys: History and Adventures of a Cape Farmer and His Family (1856)

Is cloudy & looks like we was going to be visited by some more inclement weather as we have had quite an interval now. I got up about 7 just in time for breakfast. Fed the horses & commenced reading a book entitled The Bush Boys or as I would term it,  A Farmer in South Africa. Sure enough, about 9 it commenced slowly & steadily pouring forth a fine shower to once more moisten up terra firm for us & continued to do so all day. Dick started home about 10 for fear of getting into difficulties as he has on former occasions. I stationed myself once more & continued to read without ever halting for anything until about 1 o’clock [and] then only a short time merely to satisfy a sharp appetite that I felt severely about that time. Then I kept on reading till about 2 o’clock when to my astonishment I come to the end of my book of 356 pages. I then fed the horses & fixed up things for the night. It continued to rain & harder than at first.

Monday, April the 11th 1859

Has ceased to rain & is cloudy & cold. I went to work at the pasture fence & worked slowly alone till noon. Afternoon John & I built fence. We had some grand sport a watching some little boys fight this evening. It cleared off about 2 o’clock & is clear & pleasant.

Tuesday the 12th

Is cloudy & raining. We commenced at the fence again but soon had to come in out of the rain. Uncle Collin come along & I went with him to Mr. Dickey’s. We stayed there all day nearly. I built fence awhile after I got home. ‘Tis clear & pleasant again. Cleared off about 5. I went up to Wilson’s & got a book out of the Library. Got back at 9.

Wednesday the 13th

Is cloudy again. We went to work early hauling rails & building fence & worked till noon. Then I got on a horse & went down to Brummett’s & settled up with him after some considerable quibbling. It commenced raining about 1 o’clock again & pitched in all afternoon. I stopped at Jack Spearman’s awhile as I come home. Rain. Rain.

Thursday the 14th

There is a small drift of snow on the ground & it is cloudy & windy & cold enough for January at the North Pole. I peeped out early & saw the condition of the weather, then I coiled down in bed again & lay there till breakfast was ready thinking of the perilous conditions of mankind. We fooled around till nearly noon, then hotted to the wagon & took 3 1/6 bushels of wheat down to Brummett’s & paid him 30 cts & squared off with him to stay so forever. That’s so by blood. We dug up some sugar trees & brought home with us & let them out in the yard. The ones that we set out last spring failed to grow. John bought a set of harness’ of Jack Spearman for 7 dollars. One of the yearling calves quit living this evening. ‘Tis clear & windy & cold.

Friday, April the 15th 1859

The first thing I heard this morning was the unpleasant sound of the wind whistling against the house harder than ever & on looking out, behold — the ground was again white with snow & everything froze tight. The first thing I thought of was the hereafter. I done my best to get rid of bad feelings & proceeded to feed, after which I took my seat by the stove in the kitchen & worked on John’s harness till noon without saying much but thinking like the boy did when his daddy whipped him. After dinner, our friends Mrs. & Jennie Kirkpatrick who have been here on a visit since yesterday morning went away & I moved in  here & tinkered away till midnight, stopping to feed & water the horses. John hauled 3 loads of wood. [Rev.] Shortridge’s meeting commenced tonight. I stayed at home & roasted my feet by the fire. I thought ‘would pay the best for I believe  I have went to meeting too much now for my own good. ‘Tis cloudy & windy & cold & muddy & disagreeable & too bad for any use. Part of the snow went off today — just wore away & blowed away &c. After the rest went to Meeting, I made up a big fire & took up my pen & wrote this page & part of the opposite & turned in.

Saturday, April the 16th 1859

Entries for April 16th & 17th 1859

Entries for April 16th & 17th 1859

This morning looks like an uncommon disagreeable January morning than one of this date ought to look. Dull, heavy clouds fill the sky & the ground is froze hard & still freezing. We hitched to the wagon about 10 o’clock. John & I went to town. Dick stayed all night here last night & went up to town with us this morning. The roads are too bad to talk about. We fooled around town a considerable length of time & reached home about 5 this evening. For about an hour today, ’twas clear & the sun shone out quite warm. ‘Tis still & a little warmer tonight. But looks billious yet. The folks all went off to Meeting tonight & left me at home with mother. I commenced writing a letter for mother to Uncle John McCue but didn’t finish it. I wrote this page & went to bed about 11.

Sunday the 17th.

Is cloudy & cold. I got up about 8 o’clock this morning & tinkered around awhile. After the folks all went to Meeting, I wrote a letter to Will Linch & finished up the one I commenced last night. Then I wrote one to —-. After dinner, John & I got on the horses & went over nearly to the river & salted the young cattle. They have been over there for two weeks & just can live. We come back to the School House to singing. Got there about 4 o’clock. There was quite a crowd out to singing. Had a fine time. It has cleared off & is warm & pleasant. The sun went down behind a cloud.

Monday, April the 18th 1859

I heard it raining last night & the wind was blowing rather strong this morning. I concluded that there was no use to get up early, hover, I got up about six & was happily disappointed for it had not rained but a little & is quite pleasant — a little cloudy although but cleared off about 10 o’clock & is very pleasant. I hauled rails & poles & stakes all day slowly. John set stakes. The folks all went to meeting tonight again. I stayed at home & wrote.

Tuesday the 19th

Was clear & pleasant day. I hauled rails all day for to make a lane for Hartman to get out at. Then I went to meeting tonight. The sun went down behind a cloud. It [is] kind of suspicious.

Wednesday the 20th

Earm & looks dull. I went to work in a hurry & closed up the two remaining gaps that was left in the pasture fence. John went [on] some errands, then helped me build some log fence in the lower gap. We got done at 10 o’clock. Then after dinner we rigged up the other harness & paired up Tip & Henry in one team & the Blacks in another to the wagon & went to the granary at Hartman’s & got 12 bushels of wheat. Commenced sowing wheat about 3 o’clock. John harrowed. I sowed about 9 bushels. Then I got Forbes’ harrow. We worked hard till dark. It is a little cloudy. Al Cornwell was from meeting. I stayed at home.

Thursday the 21st

Is clear & cold & snowing. We went to work after we found it wouldn’t snow much. I sowed 6 bushels more of wheat & we harrowed all day. John Shortridge come down this evening to work for us.

Friday the 22nd April 1859

Is clear & cold & snowing like everything. We didn’t get up very early. It looked rather billious for us. Jack Shortridge & I hauled 5 loads of rails till noon. Then we harrowed & I tinkered around. John plowed all day. It cleared off about noon. Is cold tonight.

Saturday the 23

Is clear & the ground is froze hard. Jack & I went up to Mr. Dickey’s & got 2 bushels of wheat & some timothy seed. I sowed 5½ bushels more of wheat on the ground that John plowed yesterday & Jack harrowed. John plowed. Afternoon I plowed while John went & skinned one of his steers that died. In the evening i went down to Bebb’s Mill & hauled up a little load of lumber. Clear & chilly.

Easter Sunday, April the 24th 1859

The day set apart from all others for the devourment of the product of the feathered tribe is a fine day & finds me all right & in good humor. After devouring all the eggs that was put in sight, I went to the stable, fed the horses, & turned them out in the pasture to hunt some grass. Come in & took up my pen & wrote all this gibberrish from last Thursday. About 9 o’clock I went up to the School House to a Sunday School that they have undertook to organize at that point. I spent about 2½ hours there, then come home & wrote a letter to ——. Went to singing at 3 o’clock. Had a good singing. About 6 o’clock, Sallie & I started over to Dick’s a foot & got there about 8. ‘Tis cloudy & war, Clouded about 4 o’clock.

Monday the 25 April, 1859

Is cloudy & warm. Looks like rain. I started home about 7½ o’clock. When I got here, I found that instead of plowing the boys had gone across the creek to skin the big red cow that I got from Dick. She was worth full 30 dollars. I have to grin & bear it but I feel wonderfully out of humor. I gathered up Tip & Henry & plowed out in the field till noon. After, plowed part of the garden & the tater patch. The boys got home at noon. After they hauled manure. I planted about 3/4 of a bushel of potatoes this evening. ‘Tis cloudy. I turned out my hoofs today.

Tuesday the 26th

It rained & hailed hard last night. Is cloudy & warm this morning. I sowed timothy seed in the pasture till 10 o’clock, then helped the boys haul manure. John commenced plowing after noon. It commenced raining about 2 o’clock & rained hard till near night. I mended harness. John went through the rain & brought home the cows that haven’t been home since last Thursday. John Shortridge went this evening to commence work for Hartman. It ceased to rain about dark. Tolerable cloudy & warm.

Wednesday the 27th

Is clear & pleasant. Cleared off in the night. I mended harness all day. John made some stakes & tinkered around. Clear & warm. I went to bed before dark.

Thursday the 28th

Is clear & there is a smidgen of frost. I dug a hole for a gate post. Then we went & cut & hauled  4 big posts & put two of them in the ground & that took all day. Hard work. The sun went down behind a cloud.

Friday 29th April 1859

Is partly cloudy & tolerable pleasant. I went out to the field early to _____ the wheat & found that only a small portion of it had sprouted which caused my spirits to droop like a lump of sugar to the bottom of a teacup. I gathered up all of my courage, come to the house & studied over it awhile & concluded that I wouldn’t give it up that way without another effort, so I loaded up 12 bushels of wheat & drove to Lowell, traded 6 of it for other wheat that I thought would grow & got 6 ground. Started home about 3 o’clock. It commenced raining slowly & rained on me all the way home. I let Jack Spearman have a hundred lbs. of flour on the old harness & I got home about dark. It ceased to rain just before dar. is cloudy & cool.

Saturday the last day of April

Is cloudy & tolerable warm. We went to work early & sowed 6 bushels of wheat on this side of the slough — part of it on the fall wheat. it has made almost an entire failure. John harrowed all day on the first that I sowed & just before noon I went to Hartman’s & he traded me 4 bushels of his new wheat. After dinner i commenced sowing it on the other that we sowed first. I sowed 9 bushels & went to Forbes’, got his harrow, & harrowed it. I aimed to sow 9/4 of a bushel to the acre. We quit about dark & I took the harrow home. It is clear & pleasant now. About noon there was a large circle around the sun. Jack Shortridge come up this evening. Says he won’t stay there

Sunday the first of May, 1859

Is partly cloudy & otherwise pleasant enough. I fed the horses & turned them out in the pasture. I took Tip back to the meadow & put her in there. Then talked with Hartman about an hour & come home & went up to Sunday School about 10. They don’t seem to take much interest in their Sunday School for they didn’t commence till about 10½ & then they didn’t do much. I stayed till after eating, then come home. After dinner I wrote from the top of the opposite page to here. Read awhile & went to singing. There was only a small crowd out. It sprinkled a little & then nary cleared up. After I come home, I went out & viewed the wheat patch once more. Then brought up Tip & put up the horses & fed. Then went up to Jenkins’ barefooted with my long-tailed gown on. I expected to find John there & sure enough, he was there but her left & Al Forbes stayed. I stayed till about 10 o’clock & then come home. It is partly clear & pleasant. John got home about 2 or 3. I don’t know where the devil he was.

Monday the Second

It rained a pretty good shower last night & is cloudy this morning. We got out to work in good time. John commenced plowing for corn. Jack & I went to sow wheat. I concluded not to sow anymore on the wheat I had sowed & I commenced sowing the little store pint & got John to come & plow in & went to mending the harness & worked at that till noon. Then I went to work & made a kind of a temporary porch here before the door. Finished at dark. While laying the last board, I cut my left big toe about half off. I done it up in a rag, then got on Tip & went down to Cornwell’s & Jack Spearman’s. Got home about 10 o’clock. John plowed this afternoon. Rainy.

Tuesday the Third

Is cloudy & raining slowly. I went to sowing wheat. Sowed a bushel, then went to Forbes’ & got his Jack harrowed & John plowed & I sowed slowly for my toe is lame. We pitched in till noon & it rained all the time. The ground is all a perfect slop. Afternoon I went to town with the wagon. Took up some hides. Got 74 cts. a pound. Got the old plow fixed. Got 9 bushels potatoes 1.00 & 1.25 per bushel. Jack Shortridge went home today. I got home just at dark. John plowed & sowed all the wheat but a peck. Tip give out, he says. It is thundering & raining all the time.

Wednesday the 4th

It was nearly clear this morning. We sowed one ¼ of bushel of wheat & quit for this year. Then we hauled the old straw pile out of the orchard & put it in a slough out in the field. After dinner, John hauled a load of wood, then plowed about one ¼ of an acre where the old straw pile used to be south of the house & we planted it in melons & early corn. It is clear & pleasant.

Thursday the 5th

Is clear & pleasant. I took Tip & Henry & John the Blacks & we plowed for corn all day. Jim Steward come here this evening. John & him went to the ______ to prayers. The sun went down behind a cloud.

Friday the 6th of May 1859

Is clear & pleasant. We got to plowing early & plowed slowly along till about 4 o’clock. Then I begin to see what kind of order the ground is in for Tip give out & I couldn’t whip her along & about an hour afterwards, Poll give out in the same way. The ground is all run together in one big chunk & is wet as hell & it looks like rain this evening. We all went up to old Mr. Bebb’s this evening a foot to a farewell party. There was a large crowd out & we had a pleasant time. I bid Jim Steward [Stewart?] farewell. He starts to California next Monday & also Miss Mary Ann Davis. She starts to Ohio next Tuesday. We got home at 1 o’clock.

Saturday the 7th

Is mostly clear & very pleasant. We got to work about the usual hour & plowed slowly till about 4 o’clock when Tip came to a halt & wouldn’t move & I turned out about 5. John’s done the same. I tinkered till night, then we went to the School House. Dr. [Jesse] Holmes of Mt. Pleasant gave quite an interesting lecture to the Library Association. it has been cloudy in the after part of the day. There was a circle around the sun about noon. It rained a little about 3 o’clock. We took the horses out to the meadow after the lecture. It is clear & cool.

Sunday the 8th

Is cloudy but pleasant. We got up about 7. Went up to the First & heard Mr. Kirkpatrick preach [at] old Mr. Collins’ funeral. Then came home & went to singing at 3. After singing, we went & got up the horses & fed them. ‘Tis clear & pleasant. Cleared off about 10. We went to bed early.

Monday the 9th May 1859

Was rather uncommon pleasant in the morning. We got out to plowing in good time & got along fine. The teams stood up to it well. About 10, it clouded up. We pitched in to the plowing as fast as we could. The horses fell behind towards evening. It cleared up before night.

Tuesday the 10th

Is clear & pleasant. We plowed slowly till noon, then Tip & Poll give clear out. Afternoon, John took Jule & Henry & plowed slowly till night. I worked at the gate hanging it till 5 o’clock. Then I took Tip & Poll & plowed 6 rounds.

Wednesday the 11th

Was cloudy & commenced raining about 8 & sprinkled for about 2 hours. Then cleared off. We got along very well till noon & had 20 acres all but one little land plowed but afternoon I couldn’t hardly get Tip along & only got a few rounds plowed on my last land. John commenced harrowing about 4 o’clock. Tip give out & I brought him & Poll to the house & fed them & took them out to the meadow & John plowed the others. I finished the gate that opens to the pasture. Then John Shortridge & I went over to Johnson’s. I went to see about getting seed corn. We discovered today at noon that the rats had devoured ours nearly all & we shelled out what remained & it was only ½ of a bushel. We had 3 bushels of it at first & had put it in a box up in the granary loft where we thought no rat could get, But there is sights of them here. John Shortridge stayed there to work for them. I got home about 11. It is clear & very pleasant but is lightning in the southeast.

Thursday, the 12th May 1859

I got up early & went out to the meadow after Tip & Poll & found that it was all they could do to stand up. There seems to be something worse than poverty the matter with them. I looked at them awhile & thought upon their condition & mine also, then come to the house again. It is cloudy & thundering every jump. After breakfast we went to the meadow & brought the horses to the stable. Ty seem to be some better. It commenced raining hard & some hail fell as big as hickory nuts. It continued to rain for two hours. I wrote the opposite page & this & went to Hartman’s & fooled around till noon. Then took Jule & Henry & plowed slowly till night. John set stakes. Dick’s hand & team came over this evening. It is partly clear. I went up to the Library.

Friday the 13th

Is cloudy & cold — very cold. I put on my overcoat but no boots nor shoes did I put on my hoofs to protect them from the cold. We got to plowing early —  Jim Moon with Dick’s team & I with Jule & Henry. After we got into the furrow, it was warm & our hoofs done fine. We finished the 20 acres & Jim commenced plowing north of the house. John & I commenced furrowing this piece east & west & furrowed till 5 o’clock, Then Jim & I went to London. I took Henry over to Johnson’s & got 2 bushels of seed corn & some sugar cane seed & left them there till we would come back. We got sadly disappointed. After trampling down there & wearing our hoofs off considerably, we only heard Munson preach. Shortridge was expected but failed to reach there. The clods was a damned sight harder to our hoof down that way than up here. It was late & we was tired when we reached home. It cleared off today at about noon. We brought the corn on ____. Clear and cool.

Saturday the 14th May 1859

Entry for 14 May 1859 wherein Lot describes greasing his bloody feet and plowing bare-footed.

Entry for 14 May 1859 wherein Lot describes greasing his bloody feet and plowing bare-footed.

When I got out on the floor & put my weight on my feet, they cracked open on the tops & the blood poured out & oh, how they hurt. I greased them & went to furrowing. We walked slowly & finished the 20 acres just about dark. At noon I planted some early corn. It rained some this afternoon. Jim plowed all day. Cloudy.

Sunday the 15th

Cloudy & tolerable warm. I took the horses out to the meadow, then went to Forbes’ & stayed till about 10. Then went & looked at the wheat. It looked tolerable well. Then I come to the house & read awhile, then wrote a letter to Will Blacker & fooled around till night. It commenced raining just after dark. John was out on a spree tonight & we scared him half to death when he come home.

Monday the 16th

It has ceased to rain but the ground is a floating. Jim & I went to work & finished staking the pasture fence & finished the gate that goes into the field. Jim plowed awhile this morning south of the house for Hungarian grass. We bought a big knife from Dary Boyd for 50 cts. this evening. ‘Tis clear.

Tuesday the 17th

Is a little foggy this morning. We hitched up Dick’s horses & put Jule & Henry on the lead & loaded up 20 bushels of wheat & went to Lowell & found the river high & the boat gone. We put the wheat in the upper story of a three-story house & came back home singing & hollering all the way. Got home at 5. Jim went to plowing. John had got up the sheep & sheared 4. Then he went to harrowing after Jim & I sheared 5. It is clear & warm & the sun went down behind a cloud.

Wednesday the 18th May 1858

I awoke this morning & looked out & was happily disappointed to find that it had not rained & was clear & pleasant. I sheared 3 more sheep & turned them in the pasture. Then we commenced  planting corn next to the road. Al Forbes & I covered ha__s. We planted a patch of sugar cane in the corner & some potatoes along the fence at the ends. About 10, Jim got the ground ready, then I come & sowed about a bushel of Hungarian grass on the little strip of ground that was left last fall where we sowed timothy. Jim harrowed it. In afternoon, he plowed. We planted slowly all day. The wind blowed hard from the northeast & it rained a few sprinkles just before sundown, then cleared up.

Thursday, the 19th

Is clear & pleasant. I took the H____ & Poll this morning & covered part of the way & Al covered the rest. Sallie & Mag dropped. We done a big day’s work today. Al went home tonight. Clear & warm.

Friday the 20th

Was clear in the morning. We went to work. Mag dropped & covered with the _____. It clouded up about 10. At noon it commenced raining. We ate dinner in a hurry & went to work & worked in the rain for about an hour & finished the 20 acre piece. Then it quit raining. I stayed in the house while they hitched Jule & Henry to Dick’s big wagon & started to Lowell. I had not gone far till began to wish I was at home. It was dark and raining a little when I got to Lowell. I carried my wheat down & loaded it & crossed the river. Then had to carry it up the hill. Got to the hill about 9 o’clock, unloaded, fed my horses & slept on some hay in the mill.

Saturday the 21st May 1859

I slept all alone in the Mill on some sack last night & when I awoke this morning, I felt the effects of my night’s adventures. Fed my horses the first thing, then waited for them to grind my grist. Started home about 8 o’clock. Brought all but 300 lb. of flour & got along fine. Got home at noon. Jim Moon started home with Dick’s team. Mother went over with him. I emptied my load, then went & plowed out a little land that Jim left, then finished plowing the garden & took 65 pounds of flour to Dicky’s. Sent 50 over to Gibson’s for making the gates & 50 to Dick’ & let Jack Spearman have 50 more. They fed the last of the corn today & now for the bran.

Sunday the 22nd

Weather clear & pleasant. I got up about 7 & fooled around awhile. Went to Sunday School, then stayed & heard Mr. Musgrove preach. Then come home. After dinner brought up the horses, fed & watered them & took them back. Then went to singing at 3 & after singing from there to James Blakemon’s & heard Bird preach. ‘Twas then nearly dark. We went over to Chandler’s & stayed awhile & from there to the pint to Prayer Meeting. After that home. Clear & pleasant. Went to bed at 11.

Monday the 23d

Clear & warm in the morning. We went to plowing & plowed till noon. After dinner I went up to Mr. Dickey’s to get a colt of his to break for his work. I caught & mounted him. Rode to Isaac Andrews’ & got some more sugar cane seed & then home & harnessed young Lash up along side of Henry & put them to the plow & they done tolerably well & I plowed them till supper, then turned Lash in the pasture. Took Tip & plowed till dark. ‘Tis cloudy & warm.

Tuesday the 24th May 1859

We got up at daylight, brought up the horses & fed them, then it commenced raining. I read awhile, then got on the bed & went to sleep. When I awoke, the rain had ceased & John was plowing. We had just a fine growing shower. I went to plowing immediately. The sun shone out bright & about 10 o’clock  the wind railed & blowed strong from the south & caused the ground to dry fast & about 2 o’clock the clouds began to gather. We finished plowing the corn ground about that time & I commenced harrowing & John  furrowing. We just went one round after supper & the rain commenced, pouring down in torrents & some hail fell about the size of large beans. It rained hard for a short time. Ceased just before dark. We took the horses to the meadow.

Wednesday the 25th

‘Tis too wet to work. I fooled around awhile trying to think of something to do. Then went to hunt for Lash & he wasn’t to be found. I then went to the meadow, caught Poll & went to Sawyer’s & succeeded in getting ½ bushel of seed corn. Got home about noon. After dinner I went to harrowing & John to furrowing. After supper, I got Forbes’ little plow & furrowed. It has been warm and cloudy today.

Thursday the 26th

I got up early & went to Dickey’s after Lash & about the time I got there, it commenced raining & poured down as though it had a right to. I stayed there till after breakfast. About 9, it ceased & then I caught & mounted Lash & rode home. Lash is a brown colt with a white spot in his face, 3 years old this spring [and] about 15 hands high & well proportioned. Never was rode or worked till I got a hold of him. I haltered him up in the stable & about the time I got to the house, it commenced pouring down again. I took up my pen & wrote the opposite page & now I am looking out at the window watching the rain pour down. It looks as thought the Heavens were opened. ‘Tis with difficulty that I can keep my spirits up this time but everything seems to prosper that we have sown or planted & I don’t believe the woods ever looked so beautiful before or that pasture was ever so good as this time of the season & all these things tend to make me feel happy in spite of my feelings otherwise. I passed the day of by reading &c. It only ceased raining a few minutes at a time all day. About 5 in the evening, it ceased & turned cold with a strong northwest wind. After supper, turned Lash in the pasture & took Henry to the meadow. He had been in the stable all day. Then I went around through the pasture & up to Heaters’. Taked them awhile. Got a novel — The Prairie Flower — to read to draw my mind from the state of the weather &c. Come home & read as long as I could see. Cold & windy.

Friday the 27th

Is cloudy & windy & very cold. I got up early & made up a big fire, sat down & read till noon stopping only a short tie to help mother about making some shoes. Then on looking out found that it had cleared up & it tolerably warm. We got the horses & furrowed till night. ‘Tis clear & pleasant though a little cool yet.

Saturday the 28th

Is clear & pleasant. We finished furrowing at 9 & commenced planting, east & west at the north end or side of the fences directly north of the house. Planted till night, then I took the horses to the meadow _____. Brought up Tip & Poll ditto. Read in my novel every chance & by candlelight till ten o’clock. Lightening in the northeast tonight.

Sunday the 29th May 1859

I awoke early. Raised up, got hold of my novel & read till I finished it — 220 large pages [with] fine print. It has created wonderful feelings in me for the last two days & took all of my attention. I can hear the thunder rolling this morning in the N. W. but it is clear & pleasant. I then got up, dressed myself, & took this Book of Memory & wrote from where I left off Thursday morning. I then put up the book & went to Dickey’s for Lash (he had gone back). After some trouble, I succeeded in catching him, then mounted & rode home & fixed up a little & put my saddle on & rode to the School House to S. S. & stayed to hear Seaman preach. After meeting I went to Forbes’ with H. D. Andrews & his cousin. We stayed there for dinner, then rode across the hills & ridges & creek to the river opposite Dick’s & crossed over there & tied up my horse. H. D. A. & his cousin proceeded to hunt for their lost horse. I then went in company with Dick & Kate & Mr. Barnes to Bushwhack School House to singing & saw there quite an interesting looking crowd & enjoyed  a fine singing. It has been very warm today & while we were there, there came up a little thunderstorm. It rained but little & after singing, we hurried back. I stayed at Dick’s till after supper, then mounted my hoss just after dark & put through the woods for home. ‘Twas dark & I got lost once but soon found another track & hurried on at a rapid rate till I reached Mr. Dickey’s. Then turned Lash in the pasture, put my saddle in the barn, & come home. They had a good sing at Liberty today. They was some young folks here when I came & among them was Jim Chandler & consequently it was late when we retired — for instance, one o’clock.

Monday, May the 30th 1859

Is cloudy & cool in the morning. We got to planting early & worked fast till about 10 o’clock. Then it commenced a slow rain & we quit. I wrote awhile, then crept under the bed & went to sleep. John went to Cornwell’s & got ½ bushel of seed corn. I awoke about 3 o’clock, took Tip & Poll to the meadow, then John & I went to Shields’ & picked a bushel of corn & give him the corn we got of Hartman. Then I hoed potatoes till dark & set down some cabbage plants. it rained slowly till about 3 & now is cloudy & misty.

Tuesday, the last [day of May]

Is cloudy & otherwise pleasant. Sunup found us in the field planting & the ground too wet. L. Horsey come & helped us & we worked hard all day & just before sundown finished planting corn. What a joyful moment. It cleared off today & is pleasant. So ended the Spring of 1859.

Wednesday, June the first [1859]

Summer commenced clear & pleasant & I commenced with it to plowing potatoes & corn. John started at sunup over to help Dick plant his corn. He took the little team. I plowed the early potatoes & corn & melons — what few there is, then hoed them. That took till about 2 o’clock. Then I got up Tip & plowed in the orchard. It clouded up about noon & looked like we would have a heavy rain. Then only sprinkled a little & cleared off.

Thursday the 2nd

The morning was clear & cold. A heavy dew on the grass. I got up the horses & finished the orchard, then harrowed on it till noon. Then took the horses to the meadow & come in. I slept till 3, then got up the horses again & dug around the apple trees & harrowed some Hungarian grass. It acted just like it did yesterday, only a little later about 5.

Friday the third June 1859

Is clear & cold. North wind. I finished sowing the orchard in Hungarian [grass] & harrowed it well. Then I harrowed on the corn that we planted last to break up some of the clods. I would work awhile, then pull the bridles off & let the horses eat on the fall wheat for that has proved to be no account & our bran was all used up in May & now we have nothing to feed on but grass. I harrowed till about 4, then commenced plowing on a little strip of about 3 acres running N & S between the wheat & corn for Hungarian grass. It clouded up and rained a few drops about 8. John come home this evening & brought the new wagon.

Saturday the 4th

On going out this morning, behold to my surprise, I found the ground once more covered with frost & consequently I had to put my boots on. I then got up the horses & loaded up 10 bushels of wheat & went to Lowell to mill. I got there early, got my grinding, & got home just at sundown, unloaded & went to the pint to Meeting. A big meeting they have there. It has been clear & cool all day. John plowed with Tip & Henry.

Sunday the 5th

It rained a little & hailed or snowed some this morning & is cloudy & cold. I went up to the pint about 9 to their speaking meeting at 10½ o’clock. Kirkpatrick preached Old Mr. Forbes’ funeral in the grove. After meeting, I come to Latshaw’s for dinner. After dinner we went to the Branch & saw C. G. Spearman & P. N. Hausel and Mr. Brown & wife immersed by Kirkpatrick. Then at 6, _____ preached at the pint. I stopped at Jenkins’ a little while & I come home. Got home at 8 o’clock. It cleared off this evening & got warmer.

Monday the 6th June 1859

Was clear, warm & pleasant. John took the wagon to town. Mother went with him. I plowed slowly till supper, then I got done & harrowed till night. John got home at noon, then commenced plowing corn one furrow in a row east & west at the north side.

Tuesday the 7th

Is clear & very warm. We took Tip & Henry & the plow & worked on the road down near Cornwell’s about 11. Then come up a heavy storm. We run the horses all the way home & just made our escape. Then it rained hard for about an hour. The we went back & worked till 6 o’clock. It rained a little shower about 3, then another just after we got home. Then cleared off. I went & got some strawberries.

Wednesday the 8th

Is clear & pleasant & cool. I went to chopping poles in the pasture. John went to work on the roads & they sent him back & said I had to work Poll ___. Then John took the little team & worked. I took the other & hauled a load of rails & fixed the fence around the cornfield.

Thursday the 9th

Is clear & pleasant. I commenced plowing corn. John worked on the road about an hour, then we both plowed all day. About 2 it clouded up & rained a little, then cleared off, clouded up again just after dark, & is thundering. John went to the pint meeting.

Friday the 10th

Weather clear & warm. We got to work early & finished plowing the first 20 acres, planting one furrow in the row. Then I fixed the harrow & John commenced harrowing it N & S. I took the hoe & set up & hoed after him & worked hard.

Saturday the 11th June 1859

Weather clear & cold in the morning. I set up corn after John till about 10. Then Mary took my place & I went to hoeing the sugar cane. It is only about 2 inches high & any amount of weeds there to contend with. I found it very tedious work & concluded that I would take it easy so I stopped  to talk with everybody that passed along the road & only got six rows done all day. It is warm & pleasant this evening.

Sunday the 12th

Is cloudy this morning. I got up in good time this morning & fooled around awhile. After breakfast, John & I went out through the corn & wheat & into the west road. there we met Al Cure & talked with him awhile. Then met Jim Moon & Beck & Kate. Then we come back with them. Then I went to Sunday School & stayed for Meeting. After Meeting, E. Bell & Jim Holland & Collin Forbes & some others come home with us. Dick sent us 21 large fish this morning & we had a fine mess for dinner. Then all went to singing & had a fine time. It rained a little about 9 o’clock today & cleared off about noon. Look to Book No. 1, April 18.

Monday the 13th

It rained a hard shower last night & cleared about 9 or 10. We fooled around till 10 o’clock. Beck & Jim started home about 11. Then John went to hauling wood. I went to Warth’s & got a bucket of cabbage plants & got home at noon. Then hoed sugar cane till supper. After supper, we set out the cabbage plants & some tobacco plants. It is clear & awful warm.

Tuesday the 14th June 1859

Is partly clear in the morning. I set out some more tobacco plants & took up some cane plants where they were too tick & set them out. John commenced harrowing corn again this morning. About 9 o’clock, I got up the horses & commenced plowing corn N & S next to the road & found it very slow work to plow such little corn & set up after myself. About 3 o’clock, there came a few clouds in sight & it commenced thundering & then raining. I couldn’t see any cloud hardly so kept on plowing & got wet all over. Then it slacked up. After supper I started to the fields & the rain poured down again. I got my horse & took it to the meadow & set out & hoed sugar cane till dark. There is a small black cloud perceivable in the N. W. We went to bed early & before I got to sleep, the heavens were once more blackened with heavy clouds & the rain had began to fall. I got into a doze of sleep soon to be wakened up though by the storm. The rain fell in sheets or flakes drove by the wind against the walls of the old kitchen till the sound together with the loud peals of distant thunder made a noise such as I never heard before & hope I never shall again. A few hail fell which made the old roof clatter. We hadn’t long to think of our condition. Already had the water found its way into our bed & was forming great ponds all around us & still pouring down all over us & I looking for the old kitchen to fall every minute & the storm raging. Something must be done. To venture out in such a storm looked like jumping into danger headlong on account of the temporary porch that stands between the horses, but finally we ventured out & passed in safety to the big house & found the rest of the folks up & scared half to death. The lightening kept a continual flash that kept the room lighted all the time. The storm raged in this way for about an hour, then I went to bed & slept soundly.

Wednesday the 15th June 1859

The morning is cloudy & cool & looks like rain. We got out early to view the destruction. On looking around, we found fence scattered in every direction & trees torn down everywhere & the ground beat hard as a floor. We went to the meadow & found the horses all right, then pitched into the fence till noon, & then had the outside fence done. Then I went up to Jenkins’ to see how the Old Man was & stayed till 5. Then come home & put up cross fence till after dark. It cleared off about 9 o’clock & is clear & windy & cool.

Thursday the 16th

I was called out of bed in a hurry this morning to put the horses out of Hartman’s wheat. Tip pushes down & gets in often. After I got them out, I fixed up the fence. Worked till 10 at that, then hoed cane till supper. John harrowed till noon, then sowed Hungarian grass. It rained slowly all afternoon. George Chandler & John & I started for Pulltight and gathered up a crowd of 9 men & boys & reached there just after dark. Found the door locked. We was not willing to give it up so we went on down to the residence of Mrs. Killbern’s. Then she read to us a lecture on Spiritualism & answered  numerous questions that we saw fit to ask her & we had lots of fun & got home about midnight.

Friday the 17th

Weather clear & warm. Hoed cane & pumpkins & corn till noon. Then got Forbes’ plow & a horse up & plowed the potatoes & corn, then plowed corn. John has been at it since yesterday about 3.

Saturday the 18th

Is cloudy & cool. We plowed on steady till about 3 o’clock, then there came up a rain & rained hard for about an hour. After that, I went out on the wheat & cut some big weeds. It partly cleared off this evening.

Sunday the 19th June 1859

Weather cool & foggy. Mr. Musgrove stayed all night here. We went to Sunday School. After that he preached. It cleared off about 10 & is warm I took a severe headache & come home, went to bed & slept till about 2 o’clock.  At 3, went to singing. The choristers being absent, we had a poor time of it. But then mrs. Killbern commenced her lecture & kept on for about 2 hours & was disturbed very much by Holland & others which caused quite a warm time. After that was over, come home. ‘Twas near sundown. I went to the meadow & found Tip on Hartman’s wheat, then brought her to the house & concluded to keep her up & cut grass for her. I watered the horses & carried up some grass. It rained a little just after dark.

Monday the 20th

Weather clear & pleasant. We cut & hauled a load of wheat & Cheat [?] for to feed Tip on, then plowed all day.

Tuesday the 21st

Is clear & cool. Finished the first 20 about 8 o’clock. Then commenced on the other E & W at the north side. Warm & pleasant. Plowed all day.

Wednesday 22

Clear & cool in the morning. We got to work early & plowed hard. About 11, Forbes come & got his plow. Then I went & got Jenkins’ cultivator & John worked with that. After dinner I sowed the last patch of Hungarian [grass] for this year & harrowed on it till about 4½ o’clock. Then plowed till night. It has been partly cloudy this afternoon.

Thursday the 23d

I was up this morning before daylight. My right foot pained so last night that I couldn’t sleep. It has been paining some every morning for a week. I worked with it awhile but couldn’t tell what was the matter so put on my old boots & went to plowing. Hartman got Poll & went to mill. Took the wool (weather clear & warm). We finished the little corn about noon & then layed the early potatoes by & then commenced on the east corn. I plowed east & west at the south side & John cultivated at the north. It clouded up & thundered & rained a little just after noon. I hauled a load of slough grass after supper.

Friday the 24th June 1859

We was out to plowing at 5 o’clock this morning & worked till noon. It was clear & hot & while we eat dinner, there come up a small thunder shower & tis raining while I write. The rainstorm ceased & we went to work & plowed till night. I plowed the sugar cane. Weather clear and pleasant.

Saturday the 25th

Entries for 24, 25, & 26 June 1859

Entries for 24, 25, & 26 June 1859

We got out early & about 6 it clouded up & commenced slowly to rain. We plowed on till about 10, then it rained harder & we quit. It rained hard till noon. I wrote off my part of a dialogue for the Exhibition at the last of Joe’s school. Then I went to bed & slept till six o’clock. After supper, I wrote some for L. Horsey, J. M. Holland, & W. Walters & Noah Johnson come here just before sundown & we fooled  around till 11 o’clock. Noah stayed all night. I went & took Tip to the meadow between 11 & 12 o’clock.

Sunday the 26th

Weather clear and warm. I went over home with Noah this morning early. He hitched up his mule team & we come over to Sunday School & Meeting. Then down here for dinner. Then Noah & I & Sarah & Rachel went over to Dick’s to Singing School. There met Bushwhack Singers & great droves & had a good singing — only the warmest one that I ever saw. I thought awhile that they would all melt & run together & then the old hill looked like it would burn up. After singing, we got in the skiff & started off for a ride down the river. We did sail ever so fine thinking of nothing but a pleasant ride till we got a half mile down the river. Then we began to think of getting back. We turned & pitched in & the sweat rolled in big drops & the boat made slow progress. We toiled on there till the sun washed behind the hills & we not to our starting place yet. But we finally succeeded & was then wiser than before we started. Then we started home & had a fine trip through the woods after dark. Got home about 10 o’clock. Then brought up the horses, watered them, and went to bed.

Monday the 27th June 1859

Is clear, warm & windy. Wind from the southwest. We finished plowing E & W & turned & commenced N & S at the east & plowed all day. It rained a little about 8 o’clock.

Tuesday the 28th

We plowed all day. It was partly cloudy & thundering & the wind blowing from the S.W. Very warm all day.

Wednesday the 29th

There was a heavy rain last night & it is partly cloudy this morning. I took my old cradle over to Jeff Nelson’s to get him to fix it. Met Noah Johnson on the road. Him & I went  from Jeff’s to Jack Spearman’s & stayed there for dinner. Then we all went to the creek & found it out of the banks. We went in a swimming. Swim down stream & walked back. I got home just in time for supper. Then fooled around till night. Weather clear & warm.

Thursday the last of June 1859

Weather clear & warm. We went to work & oiled up all of the harness & bridles &c. I mended some. About 8 o’clock, Al Forbes & John & I started to the creek & gathered up about 10 boys. Went in a swimming. The creek has fell about half way. We come up through the wheat as we come home & found it struck with the rust about like it was at first last year. ‘Tis headed out & looks fine. It rained a little this evening, then partly cleared up. ‘Tis thundering and lightning.

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